Level 4 Chapter 1 Unit 2 - Passives (or not)

Passives (or not)

Do this exercise at least twice: It will be different each time.

Passives

 


ACTIVE: Tom wrote the letter yesterday.

PASSIVE: The letter was written yesterday (by Tom)



Notice the word BY before the person who does the action in the passive sentence.

The passive sentence is used when the person is not very important - what happened is more important than who did it.

The BY + AGENT is usually omitted in the passive sentence.


 


Examples:
ACTIVE:


Toyota MAKES cars in Japan .


They WILL PAY the bill in cash.


The secretary IS FILING the documents.


You MUST SIGN the check.


The mailman SHOULD DELIVER the
mail soon.

 


PASSIVE:


Toyota Cars ARE MADE in Japan.


The bill WILL BE PAID in cash.


The documents ARE BEING FILED (by the secretary).


The check MUST BE SIGNED.


The mail SHOULD BE DELIVERED soon (by the mailman).